A basic guide to the welfare requirements for your dog

As dog owners, we all love our dogs & want to do the best for them, these basic guides aim to point out some simple welfare requirements for your animals, pointing out various legislations, grooming requirements & emergency 1st Aid situations……

Preventative Care

Preventative care can be determined as good maintenance of your dog. There are many preventative measures that you can take to ensure the wellbeing & health of your dog, some of these items may need to be administered by your vet.

The Veterinary Surgeons Act, states that unqualified personnel cannot offer medical treatment or unqualified medical advice. It is illegal for non-veterinary surgeons to practice, therefore it is illegal for you to administer certain types of care & medications (without a prescription from your vet), but there are plenty of things that you can also do to help your pet…..

  • Check your dog’s eyes & ears regularly to ensure that they are clean, not red or bloodshot & do not contain any discharges or odours.

You can get wipes & lotions to aid the cleaning of your pets eyes & ears from most large supermarkets or pet stores (ensure that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions).

If there are any discharges or odours then a trip to the vets will probably be required for some antibiotics.

  • Ensure that your dog’s vaccinations are maintained & kept up to date, including flea, tick & worming treatments.

Vaccinations will generally need to be administered by your vet, but you can obtain flea, tick & worming treatments (except in the case of LUNG WORM –this is treatment that will need to be sourced immediately from your vet if suspected) from most pet stores, in some cases a stronger treatment may be required which would need to be obtained from your vet.

  • You need to be aware that there are certain ‘human’ foods that are not suitable for your dog, they can be poisonous & life threatening to your dog, these will include (but this is not an exhaustive list)…
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– Chocolate

– Grapes/Raisins/Sultanas/Currents

– Onions – a small slice of onion will not harm your dog, but a whole onions or large concentrations of onion can cause harm.

  • You need to ensure that your dog maintains a healthy weight. There are 3 simple regular checks you can make to help prevent your dog from becoming overweight.
  1. Make sure you can see and feel the outline of your dog’s ribs without excess fat covering.
  2. You should be able to see and feel your dog’s waist and it should be clearly visible when viewed from above.
  3. Your dog’s belly should be tucked up when viewed from the side.
  • Never leave your dog alone in a car on a warm day.
    • Dogs pant to keep cool.
    • In hot stuffy cars they are unable to cool themselves down.
    • Leaving a window open or a sunshield on your windscreen won’t keep your dog cool enough.

Leaving your dog in a hot car may be considered an offence under the Animal Welfare Act 2006. Every year dogs do die in hot cars.


Gov.UK – Animal Welfare               Google Images              The Animal Welfare Act (2006)    RSPCA

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Slideshare.net                                  Professors House         Huggle Pets

Fleximed – 1st Aid for pets              1st Aid Kits for Dogs